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Where there is a will, there is a way.

 
 
 

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年过半百,经历坎坷.少年遇"文革",下乡八载,虽历经磨难,唯斗志不减,农耕间隙自学不辍,终守得云开日出,考进大学.大学毕业后先后经历了中学执教,国企管理,外企高管,最后回归重执教鞭.目前在家精心培养有志掌握英语的中小学生. 我最大的愿望就是看到孩子学有所成,桃李天下.

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我新发表的文章《以果敢行动促进私人投资》  

2013-09-16 10:17:33|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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前言:我不是自由主义者,并不赞成全面私有化,世界各地的事实表明,经济彻底自由化只能走向事物的反面。此外,就和自然界万物竞争构成丰富多彩的世界一样,社会也应该是多种经济形式并存并展开良性竞争,这才是对人类最好的。所以,国有、私有以及各种其他形式的经济都应该有一席之地。问题是,现在对私有制经济的限制仍然过多,尤其是在一些诸如银行、铁路这样的高度垄断型行业,私人投资仍然难以涉足。适度对私人投资开放这些行业,对中国有百利而无一害。鼓励私人投资的口号已经喊了多年,但实质性的行动并不多,这说明,没有高层果断的政治决策,很难取得实质性的进步。希望习李新政能有所行动。

Boost private investment with resolute action

 

Wu Guangqiang

AT a Sept. 6 executive meeting of the State Council, Premier Li Keqiang called for more efforts to clear away obstacles to private investors’ entry into sectors that are currently monopolized, chiefly by State-owned enterprises (SOEs).

After listening to a briefing on a survey of the environment for private investors, conducted by the All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce, meeting participants pledged to further “emancipate the mind and change ideas” in a bid to fully implement policies to encourage and guide private investment.

China has been making solid headway in opening up its economy to non-State investors. In some areas, such as non-metallic mining and equipment manufacturing, about 90 percent of the total investment was private in the first half of this year. The earliest efforts date back to 2005 when milestone guidelines, the so-called 36 Clauses, were unveiled to encourage private investors to enter some largely State-controlled fields, such as transportation, energy, telecommunications, finance, medical services and education. In 2010, renewed guidelines were released to further boost private investment in highly monopolized sectors.

The National Development and Reform Commission said Sept. 2 that the percentage of private capital in total social fixed-asset investment rose from 55.9 in 2010 to 61.4 in 2012, and had risen still further, to 63.7, in the first half of this year. Latest data show that there are more than 12 million private firms in China, with total registered capital reaching 29.8 trillion yuan (US$4.7 trillion). In 2012, private economy accounted for more than 60 percent of the total gross domestic product in China.

Chinese private enterprises have demonstrated tremendous vitality, competitiveness and capacity for innovation. When given opportunities to reach their potential, many Chinese companies can grow into world-class giants like Microsoft, Apple or Google. Few took newcomers like Alibaba, Tencent, Baidu and Huawei seriously merely a decade ago, but today they are among the best of the best, and still in their infancy.

Competitive edge and innovative power can be seen on the list of Top 50 Most Valuable Brands in China (2012). The top three slots were occupied by China Mobile, ICBC and China Construction Bank, all mammoth SOEs. Baidu and Tencent, both private firms, took fourth and fifth, respectively. Though the rest of the top 10 were SOEs, it’s widely believed that the landscape will soon change and more private companies will edge out SOEs. Many nationally famous brands, mostly IT or home appliance giants, belong to private firms such as Lenovo, Midea and Gree.

But barriers, both visible and invisible, that hinder private enterprises’ growth still abound. Since the release of the new 36 Clauses in 2010, no substantial progress has been made in market access for private sectors into such key fields as banking and railways. In Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province, a city dominated by private economy, some businessmen have tried to launch privately owned banks in the past two to three years. Two plans have been submitted to the city’s government, but no feedback is yet available. This is a concrete example of more fanfare than substance in past years.

The independent survey mentioned above pointed out that there were many policy barriers for private enterprises entering the market and said some of the guidelines were impractical or had very high thresholds, creating a glass ceiling that discouraged private investors.

 Premier Li urged governments of all levels to make detailed and future modifications that restrict private investment activities, thereby setting up practical market entry rules.

“We should introduce a number of projects that are in line with technical upgrade requirements to private capital as soon as possible, in areas such as finance, oil, electricity, railways, telecommunications, resource development and public utilities,” Li said.

In my view, a breakthrough in the banking sector will be of great significance. As known to all, while most small and medium-sized enterprises are thirsty for funds, State-owned banks are reluctant to serve these small fish. Only privately run banks can help them out, but it’s hard to expect State-run banks to give up their own interests. Only resolute leaders can make this happen.

All eyes are wide open to see whether more actions rather than words will take place this time.

 

(The author is an English tutor and a freelance writer.)

 

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