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Where there is a will, there is a way.

 
 
 

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年过半百,经历坎坷.少年遇"文革",下乡八载,虽历经磨难,唯斗志不减,农耕间隙自学不辍,终守得云开日出,考进大学.大学毕业后先后经历了中学执教,国企管理,外企高管,最后回归重执教鞭.目前在家精心培养有志掌握英语的中小学生. 我最大的愿望就是看到孩子学有所成,桃李天下.

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我新发表的文章《铲除司法腐败》  

2014-01-20 09:30:19|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

前言:司法腐败是所有腐败中最恶性的,因为,如果司法腐败不除,铲除其他腐败就成为空话。所以,高度关注高层将怎样落实“坚决清除司法队伍中的害群之马”的承诺。

Weed out judicial graft

 

Wu Guangqiang

 

DURING a central political and legal work meeting held between Jan. 7 and 8 in Beijing, President Xi Jinping called for a zero-tolerance approach toward corruption in the political and judiciary systems, stressing that “any black sheep must be removed.” 

We need to wipe out corruption in the political and legal systems with the greatest determination and firmest action,” he said. 

The pledge complies with the aspirations of the people, as the public detest judicial corruption the most, since such evil brings a host of unjust, false and erroneous cases, the harboring of criminals and the deprivation of the interests of the powerless. Most importantly, unless judicial corruption is uprooted, it’s impossible to eradicate corruption in other areas. When the public lose faith in a country’s judicial system, the country is hopeless. 

China’s legal system is largely sound and trustworthy, but a handful of “black sheep” have greatly discredited the system as a whole. The case last year involving Zhao Ming-hua, a senior judge and vice president of the Shanghai Higher People’s Court’s No. 1 Civil Court, laid bare the width and depth of corruption in the legal system. Zhao was found to have manipulated the verdict of a civil case in collusion with the plaintiff’s lawyer, who was later found to be Zhao’s relative. 

China’s top leadership is earnest in cracking down on judicial corruption. As early as in 2008, the then-top-judge Wang Shengjun vowed to weed out judicial corruption. He said a total of 712 court staff members throughout China were punished for breaking laws in 2008, of whom 105 faced criminal charges. 

In recent years, many high-ranking judges have been busted for corruption. Among them were Huang Songyou, former vice president of the Supreme People’s Court of China, who was sentenced to life imprisonment for receiving over 3.9 million yuan (US$644,000) in bribes, Tian Fengqi, former president of the Higher People’s Court of Liaoning, and Wu Hanzhen, former president of the Higher People’s Court of Hunan. The latter two were jailed for taking huge bribes. 

But judicial corruption is still rampant. Why? 

While corruption as a human vice is a global malady, China’s corruption has its own motivations and breeding ground. Traditionally, China was a society of “renzhi,” or “rule by men,” as opposed to the legalist “rule of law.” The absence of contractual relationships and lack of a mature legal system preoccupied the populace with the idea that “good connections,” or a relationship network, was the key to success. An old Chinese saying, which still has firm believers today, best reflects this deep-rooted culture: “If you have a relative in the imperial court, you will secure an official position.” Fundamentally, most people believe that unless they have connections in a courtroom, they can’t possibly win a case. 

That’s why for thousands of years Chinese people have been repeating the same practice that their ancestors once did: wining and dining officials, judges and other powerful persons, and presenting them with valuables or cash to win favors. Few would forsake the practice although they curse it in public. Most people have conflicted minds. On the one hand, everyone hopes to get biggest possible gains through their own “special connections,” which they regard as scarce resources, and on the other hand, everyone hopes to achieve their objectives by fair and open means, yet they have little confidence in fairness and openness. 

After all, it’s a matter of public trust in China’s legal system. China is confronted with the dual task of promoting the credibility of its judicial system by wiping out judicial corruption and eliminating, through education and legislation, the foundations that feed corruption. 

Building a just society depends not only on firm political determination, but also on effective legislation and complete law enforcement. Hong Kong and Singapore used to be corruption-ridden places in the 1960s and 1970s, but by passing legislation and carrying out public awareness campaigns, both cities succeeded in curbing corruption and are now examples of clean governance. 

The time is long gone when the public expected a “qingguan” (an honest and upright official) to uphold justice. All judicial officials, as humans who are as prone to mistakes, must be subject to supervision. Only enforceable corruption prevention mechanisms can ensure justice. 

(The author is an English tutor and a freelance writer.)

 

 

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