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年过半百,经历坎坷.少年遇"文革",下乡八载,虽历经磨难,唯斗志不减,农耕间隙自学不辍,终守得云开日出,考进大学.大学毕业后先后经历了中学执教,国企管理,外企高管,最后回归重执教鞭.目前在家精心培养有志掌握英语的中小学生. 我最大的愿望就是看到孩子学有所成,桃李天下.

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我新发表的文章《大数据将助力中国》  

2014-04-02 10:00:19|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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前言:现在已经进入了大数据时代。利用大数据创造的商业神话不绝于耳,例如小米手机的销售,小米与腾讯合作,利用腾讯的庞大客户群的大数据进行分析筛选,精确定位潜在客户,从而创造了一分钟销售几十万台手机的奇迹。这在过去是不可思议的。如何有效利用大数据将决定新时代的赢家和输家。

而抓住大数据的机遇解决中国顽固的社会弊病则可能给中国带来深刻的变化,从而使中国成为世界的大赢家。广东正在进行这方面的积极探索。例如,广东省政府开放了“网上办事厅”,市民无须前往“衙门”就可以申请办理许多以往程序繁琐的事情,例如户口,护照,营业执照等。所有的事项均有明确的答复期限,任何部门或个人拖沓延误或故意刁难,都会在网上暴露无遗。这样,市民就无须看哪个官员的脸色,也不必请客送礼。一旦程序公开透明,公众有知情权和监督权,官员就没有寻租的空间,贪腐的土壤自然消失了。

而这一切正是大数据的功劳。因为要将所有部门都联网,都纳入的数据收集分析和监控的范围必然产生海量信息,没有大数据技术是不可能的。


Big Data will help China win

    Wu Guangqiang

 

    BIG DATA has been one of the hottest buzzwords since META Group (now Gartner) analyst Doug Laney first put forward the concept of Big Data in 2001 and since Gartner updated the definition in 2012 as, “high-volume, high-velocity, and/or high-variety information assets that require new forms of processing to enable enhanced decision-making, insight discovery and process optimization.” Later on, a new V (Veracity) was added to describe another of its features. 

    Yet what exactly fits into the category of Big Data is beyond ordinary minds. A simple analogy may be helpful. For example, a regular movie takes up to about 1 GB (gigabyte); One TB (terabyte) is about one-15th of the total amount of information of all the printed books in U.S. Library of Congress, the world’s largest library; One PB (petabyte) is the total amount of data currently processed by Google every hour. If each person of China’s 1.3 billion population had a 500-page book, the total amount of information would be about 1 EB (exabyte). One ZB (zettabyte) is almost the total amount of information possessed by humankind in 2010. Man has never experienced such “bigness” of information before. 

    Still, many do not think much of the idea, seeing it as a marketing gimmick of IT giants, citing the fact that human societies have been witnessing explosive increases of information since modern times. 

    A careful study, though, shows that the essential difference between the Big Data era and the old eras is how the accumulated data is used. Thanks to new technologies such as cloud computing, data is no longer static or stale. Rather, it becomes raw material for business opportunities, solutions to social issues and even thorny political problems. 

    We have seen numerous instances of business miracles based on Big Data application. Chinese e-business giants Alibaba and Tencent are rapidly reshaping the economic map of the country by exploiting Big Data. By collecting, analyzing and utilizing massive amounts of information (Big Data), goods sales and service provisions are becoming increasingly, individually customized, rapidly enhancing business efficiency. China is emerging as a leader of Big Data application. 

    But I’d rather dwell on the huge potential of Big Data that will continue to bring about fundamental changes in China’s social aspects of life. 

    China is confronting a host of tough challenges, including combating widespread corruption, striving to make the market force a decisive role in resources allocation by reducing unnecessary executive approval procedure and improving administrative efficiency. This will be “mission impossible” without a powerful data network that makes the mammoth administrative machine open and transparent and puts executive operations and official performance under public oversight. 

    Guangdong is making steady headway by exploiting Big Data. On Oct. 17, 2012, Guangdong government opened its Online Service Hall, turning an “8-hour government” to an “around-the-clock government.” Shenzhen, Guangzhou and other cities have taken similar steps. 

    By connecting all governmental agencies into an open and transparent network, every single step of the work procedures of every agency is subject not only to the oversight of higher authorities, but also to public supervision. 

    Under the new system, every agency must release the list of its executive powers, along with deadlines for tasks it is obliged to fulfill. Any item on the list will automatically be regarded as legal for citizens to do regarding business applications and other civil service matters — citizens don’t have to get approval for such matters. The real-time data of each case involving administrative examination and approval will be displayed on the computer screen of the control center as well as online for all to see. Therefore, whichever agency or official is delaying work, everyone will know it. 

    So, administrative power can no longer be used as a rent-seeking means, since the public won’t have to bribe officials to have things done! 

    China has tremendous political and institutional advantages required to build a seamless national Big Data network, which will help create conditions for an innovative nation: clean governance, rule of law, and a just, open and fair market environment.

 

    (The author is an English tutor and a freelance writer.)

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